An Integrated Multidisciplinary Approach
Compared to other social sciences, criminology is relatively new. It evolved out of criminal anthropology, psychiatry, and other forensics sciences at the end of the 19th century. For a long period, criminology remained strictly bound to the medical sciences. In some countries, this discipline is still mostly connected (and confused) with forensic psychiatry and forensics. Criminology, however, has evolved as a separate science extending far beyond forensics.
Criminology can be defined as a ‘horizontal’ science that studies all the aspects connected with crime, including social behaviour. In fact, the main focus of this science is the crime itself and all its elements (first of all, the offender and the victim) and variables (the time of the action, the place, and so on). In the study and analysis of crime, criminology intersects with many different sciences and disciplines (medicine, criminal law, forensics, psychiatry and forensic psychiatry, psychology and social psychology, statistics, sociology, and so on), united by a common methodology.
Because criminal behaviour in many cases is organised and has become global, influenced by national and international policies, laws, and economics, the EuroCrime research institute has developed its own unique methodology.
Japanese criminology at the 1904 World’s Fair, St. Louis
EuroCrime methodology is based on an interdisciplinary approach that addresses the global nature of 21st century crime.
This innovative integrated methodology relies on all the traditional sciences connected with crime investigation as well as on very new contributions from geopolitics, language analysis and communication strategies, forecasting, strategy and strategic analysis, intelligence, crime mapping, technologies such as the geographical information system (GIS) and its evolutions and applications, and Artificial Intelligence in all its applications and developments, including a robust Ethics approach to its use in the security field.
EuroCrime’s approach to security and crime, to offenders and victims, is a global one: from individual behaviour to social trends, from ‘new’ crimes to transnational organised crime and terrorist organisations, from crime prevention and Problem Solving Crime Analysis to support to the victims of crime, crime is our main concern, and security our final goal.
In this page – Image Credits: httpss://www.europeana.eu/item/9200579/nnbcfxs4. Wellcome Collection – httpss://wellcomecollection.org/works/nnbcfxs4. CC BY – https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/